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by Isaac Fried
Thu Jan 17, 2019 6:49 pm
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: תַּעַבְדוּן Ex. 3:12, יִשְׁמְעוּן Ex. 4:9. "Paragogic" nun
Replies: 3
Views: 59

Re: תַּעַבְדוּן Ex. 3:12, יִשְׁמְעוּן Ex. 4:9. "Paragogic" nun

But the היא , 'he', in the compounded verbal pattern שִׁלַּחֲךָ = ש-היא-לח-אכה of 1Sam. 20:22 לֵךְ כִּי שִׁלַּחֲךָ יהוה KJV: "go thy way: for the Lord hath sent thee away" is for the performer of the act, here He doing the שלח, 'send'. אכה is a variant of אתה , 'you'. Isaac Fried, Boston U...
by Isaac Fried
Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:43 pm
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: תַּעַבְדוּן Ex. 3:12, יִשְׁמְעוּן Ex. 4:9. "Paragogic" nun
Replies: 3
Views: 59

Re: תַּעַבְדוּן Ex. 3:12, יִשְׁמְעוּן Ex. 4:9. "Paragogic" nun

The compounded Pual verbal form contains the personal pronoun הוּא , 'he', to designate the beneficiary of the act, a PP tucked now inside (inside!) the root, between the first and second radical, as in the שֻׁלְּחוּ of Gen. 44:3 הַבֹּקֶר אוֹר וְהָאֲנָשִׁים שֻׁלְּחוּ NIV: "As morning dawned, th...
by Isaac Fried
Tue Jan 15, 2019 1:47 pm
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: תַּעַבְדוּן Ex. 3:12, יִשְׁמְעוּן Ex. 4:9. "Paragogic" nun
Replies: 3
Views: 59

Re: תַּעַבְדוּן Ex. 3:12, יִשְׁמְעוּן Ex. 4:9. "Paragogic" nun

The נְפְעָל = אני-פעל form, that came from somewhere on one of the multilinear development tracks of the Hebrew language, adds the universal name אני , 'I', for the beneficiary of the act, as in Ex. 22:9 כִּי יִתֵּן אִישׁ אֶל רֵעֵהוּ חֲמוֹר אוֹ שׁוֹר אוֹ שֶׂה וְכָל בְּהֵמָה לִשְׁמֹר וּמֵת אוֹ נִשְׁב...
by Isaac Fried
Mon Jan 14, 2019 7:57 am
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: Mycenaean Hebrew
Replies: 81
Views: 2902

Re: Mycenaean Hebrew

The ending ון- is short for הינוֹ, 'he is', as, say, in גִּבְע-וֹן = גִּבְעוֹן, 'it is a hilly place'.

Isaac Fried, Boston University
by Isaac Fried
Sat Jan 12, 2019 7:10 pm
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: תַּעַבְדוּן Ex. 3:12, יִשְׁמְעוּן Ex. 4:9. "Paragogic" nun
Replies: 3
Views: 59

תַּעַבְדוּן Ex. 3:12, יִשְׁמְעוּן Ex. 4:9. "Paragogic" nun

One way Hebrew verbally relates the actor to his action is by adding his name at the end of the root, say: שָמַעְתִּי = שמע-אתי , 'I heard', with the obsolete אתי for אני, 'I', to avoid confusion with שמעני = שמע-אני, 'he heard me'. Thus: שָמַעְתָּ = שמע-אתה , 'you (M) heard'. שָמַעְתְּ = שמע-את , '...
by Isaac Fried
Sat Jan 12, 2019 6:59 pm
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: מצה - יצא, Ex. 12:17
Replies: 0
Views: 16

מצה - יצא, Ex. 12:17

We read there וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם אֶת הַמַּצּוֹת כִּי בְּעֶצֶם הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה הוֹצֵאתִי אֶת צִבְאוֹתֵיכֶם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם אֶת הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶם חֻקַּת עוֹלָם NIV: "Celebrate the Festival of Unleavened Bread, because it was on this very day that I brought your divisions out o...
by Isaac Fried
Sat Jan 12, 2019 6:38 pm
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: Mycenaean Hebrew
Replies: 81
Views: 2902

Re: Mycenaean Hebrew

Ζεύς is possibly the Semitic עז-הוּא-עז with the Hebrew AZ corresponding to the IE "is".

Isaac Fried, Boston University
by Isaac Fried
Sun Jan 06, 2019 9:02 pm
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: Proverbs 31:19
Replies: 1
Views: 61

Re: Proverbs 31:19

Does this happen at home or in music school?

Isaac Fried, Boston University
by Isaac Fried
Sun Jan 06, 2019 8:46 pm
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: Lion
Replies: 3
Views: 89

Re: Lion

1. I would agree with you that "Paleo-Hebrew" or "proto-Semitic" is a myth. Hebrew mutated slightly in different places and at different times. Eventually all these formation variants coalesced into the Hebrew of the bible. The different, yet equivalent, verbal forms of, say, פָע...
by Isaac Fried
Sat Jan 05, 2019 10:54 pm
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: Lion
Replies: 3
Views: 89

Re: Lion

כפיר is כביר, 'huge'.
לביא has an ל L in it. It is a tall and heavy animal.
ליש is like תיש but with an L in it.
שחל is like שקל: tall and heavy.

Isaac Fried, Boston University

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