Isaiah Scroll (1QIsa)

This forum is for discussion of the Hebrew texts of the DSS, both biblical and sectarian texts.
User avatar
Galena
Posts: 144
Joined: Fri Jul 24, 2015 8:55 am
Location: Ireland

Isaiah Scroll (1QIsa)

Postby Galena » Fri Oct 09, 2015 8:46 am

From here: http://dss.collections.imj.org.il/isaiah#40:1
"....Unlike most of the biblical scrolls from Qumran, it exhibits a very full orthography (spelling), revealing how Hebrew was pronounced in the Second Temple Period..."
So a comparison can be made???
Are there any books or online documents that compare the pronounciations alluded to here with the MSS that we have today?
Chris Watts

S_Walch
Posts: 246
Joined: Fri May 23, 2014 4:41 pm

Re: Isaiah Scroll (1QIsa)

Postby S_Walch » Fri Oct 09, 2015 9:07 am

As far as I know, there is no comprehensive study done yet on the entire orthography of the Dead Sea Scrolls and compares it to the Masoretic Texts.

There are a few books with chapters on certain aspects of it though, with the following one specialising on the qotel: https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=-fm ... &q&f=false

Saying that, I did just find this on Google Books: https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=bmo ... &q&f=false

Looks like a good read :)
Ste Walch

Jemoh66
Posts: 255
Joined: Sat Sep 28, 2013 11:03 pm

Re: Isaiah Scroll (1QIsa)

Postby Jemoh66 » Fri Oct 09, 2015 1:08 pm

Somebody explain this to me

For example, the second half of Verse 9 and all of Verse 10 in the present Masoretic version of Chapter 2 are absent from the Great Isaiah Scroll in the Israel Museum's full manuscript that you see here online. The same verses, however, have been included in other versions of the Book of Isaiah in the scrolls found near the Dead Sea (4QIsaa, 4QIsab), and the Hebrew text from which the ancient Greek version or Septuagint (3rd-1st century BCE) was translated. This confirms that these verses, although early enough, were a late addition to the ancient and more original version reflected in the Great Isaiah Scroll.


How does this argue for the the Great Isaiah scroll reflecting the original? They date it around 125BCE, while the LXX is date earlier. Wouldn't that support the verses actually "missing" from the Isaiah Scroll, since the LXX is an older work?
Jonathan E Mohler
Studying for a MA in Intercultural Studies
Baptist Bible Theological Seminary

S_Walch
Posts: 246
Joined: Fri May 23, 2014 4:41 pm

Re: Isaiah Scroll (1QIsa)

Postby S_Walch » Fri Oct 09, 2015 1:24 pm

One would have to see the full argument for the above as to the possibilities as to why 2:9b-10 aren't included in 1QIsaa.

Is it a scribal mistake? Well the usual homoeoteleuton explanation wouldn't quite work here:
MS: b9 ואל תשא להם׃ 10 בוא בצור והטמן בעפר מפני פחד יהוה ומהדר גאנו׃
1QIsaa: 9 וישח אדם וישפל איש׃ 11 ועיני גבהות אדם תשפלנה וישח רום אנשים ונשגב יהוה לבדו ביום ההוא

Plus the LXX also adds ὅταν ἀναστῇ θραῦσαι τὴν γῆν ('when he rises to terrify the earth').

This shows that there is quite a bit of textual divergence in Isaiah 2:9-10; so the usual textual critical question boils down to: what is the simplest explanation to account for the different readings? The simplest explanation is that Isaiah 2:9b-10 isn't originally part of Isaiah.
Last edited by S_Walch on Sat Oct 10, 2015 10:17 am, edited 1 time in total.
Ste Walch

User avatar
Galena
Posts: 144
Joined: Fri Jul 24, 2015 8:55 am
Location: Ireland

Re: Isaiah Scroll (1QIsa)

Postby Galena » Sat Oct 10, 2015 9:03 am

Thankyou for those references S_Walch.
Chris Watts


Return to “Dead Sea Scrolls”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest