Isaiah 45:1

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Saboi
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Joined: Sat Jul 07, 2018 4:06 pm

Isaiah 45:1

Postby Saboi » Thu Dec 06, 2018 7:27 pm

כוה־אמר יהוה למשיחו לכורש אשר־החזקתי בימינו לרד־לפניו גואים ומתני מלכים אפתח לפתח לפניו דלתים ושערים לוא יסגרו (DDS)

οὕτως λέγει κύριος ὁ θεὸς τῷ χριστῷ μου Κύρῳ οὗ ἐκράτησα τῆς δεξιᾶς ἐπακοῦσαι ἔμπροσθεν αὐτοῦ ἔθνη καὶ ἰσχὺν βασιλέων διαρρήξω ἀνοίξω ἔμπροσθεν αὐτοῦ θύρας καὶ πόλεις οὐ συγκλεισθήσονται (LXX)

This is a very complex and controversial verse.

כוה : οὕτως
אמר : λέγει
יהוה: διῆ ὑή
ל משיח ו: τῷ χριστῷ αὐτῶ
ל כורש : τῷ Κύρῳ
אשר: ὅστε
ה חזקת י :ἧ ἴσχυσα μοι 'to be strong'
ב ימינ ו : ἐν δεξιᾷ αὐτοῦ
ל רד : τῷ κρατῆσαι 'conquer, prevail, get the upper hand'
לפניו :ἐναντίον αὐτοῦ
גואים : Σκύθης, Σκυθῶν (γαιῶν) 'Scythians
ו מתנ י : καὶ ὀσφῦν μοι 'loins'
מלכים : ἀναξῶν 'Kings'
אפתח : αἴ πτύσσω, ἀμφί-πτύσσω 'unfold, unfold on both sides
ל פתח : τῷ πτύξαι 'fold, double up
לפניו : ἐναντίον αὐτοῦ
דלתים : δικλίς, δικλίδος 'double-folding doors
ו שערים :καὶ θυράων 'doors'
לוא : οὖ
יסגר ו : ἐγκλείω , εγκλιθηση 'shut in, clos

Perhaps this is describing a structure with double-doors else its being abstract.
Last edited by Saboi on Thu Dec 06, 2018 10:38 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Lee Mcgee

Isaac Fried
Posts: 1105
Joined: Sat Sep 28, 2013 8:32 pm

Re: Isaiah 45:1

Postby Isaac Fried » Thu Dec 06, 2018 9:36 pm

שַׁעַר is apparently just the opening in the wall. דֶּלֶת is apparently a תֶּלֶת the hanging תָּלוּי flap over the tent opening. Hence the triangle shaped Greek letter Δ delta.

Isaac Fried, Boston University

Saboi
Posts: 339
Joined: Sat Jul 07, 2018 4:06 pm

Re: Isaiah 45:1

Postby Saboi » Thu Dec 06, 2018 10:22 pm

δικλίς is a compound of δύο and κλείς that are homologs of שני and על

שני על > שעל > שער > θυρ
שני על > שיעל > δικλ

The Last word of the verse, סגר is a compound formed from על
and the common readings are ἀποκλείω, συνέκλεισαν and ἐγκλείω.

ἐγκλείω > γκλ > סגר

ἐγ- is an alternative form of εν-
ἐγκλ > ἐνκλ > נעל
γ-κύλος (Ankle)
Lee Mcgee

Saboi
Posts: 339
Joined: Sat Jul 07, 2018 4:06 pm

Re: Isaiah 45:1

Postby Saboi » Fri Dec 07, 2018 10:45 am

χριστῷ roots from חרש 'to work with the hands' and thus משיח roots from μάσσω (Att. μάττω) 'knead, work with the hands'
that also roots Massage.

μάσσω 'Knead, work with hands''
- משח 'wipe'
- משארת 'kneading trough'
- μάζας, μᾶζα 'barley cakes

Thus the word is an extension of יד, the homolog of γυῖον, ὁδός, ποδός and Ἀγυιεύς.

רחבת־ידים (Genesis 34:21)
- εὐρυάγυια 'with wide streets'
- εὐρυόδεια 'with broad ways

Dexterous derives from צדק חרש : δίκῃ χειράς (Right Hand) shorted too δεξιᾶς/צדק יד and Aristeros from ירע חרש (Wrong Hand), the Ancient Latin, Hebrew and Greek cultures were very superstitious in regards to the left hand.

-צדק/δίκ- (confirmed homolog)
Jeremiah 12:1 - צדיק /δίκαιος
Proverb 12:10 - צדיק /δίκαιος
Ecc 7:16 - צדיק / δίκαιος
Proverbs 11:8 - צדיק / δίκαιος
Psalms 37:16 - צדיק / δικαίῳ
Psalms 7:11 - צדיק / δίκαιος
Exodus 23:8 - צדיקים / δίκαια
Gen 18:24 - צדיק / δίκαιος
Genesis 6:9 - צדיק / δίκαιος
Proverbs 21:3 - צדקה / δίκαια
Gen 15:6 - צדקה / δικαιοσύνην
Lev 19:15 - צדק / δικαιοσύνῃ
Job 13:18 - צדק / δίκαιος
Job 9:15 - צדקתי / εἰσακούσεταί
Gen 38:26 - צדקה / δεδικαίωται
Lee Mcgee


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