בְּרֻדִּים BRUDIYM Gen. 31:10

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Isaac Fried
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Joined: Sat Sep 28, 2013 8:32 pm

בְּרֻדִּים BRUDIYM Gen. 31:10

Postby Isaac Fried » Sat Nov 25, 2017 9:02 pm

We read there
וְהִנֵּה הָעַתֻּדִים הָעֹלִים עַל הַצֹּאן עֲקֻדִּים נְקֻדִּים וּבְרֻדִּים
NIV: "the male goats mating with the flock were streaked, speckled or spotted."
KJV: "and, behold, the rams which leaped upon the cattle were ringstraked, speckled, and grisled."
with בְּרֻדִּים being but a slight variation of פְּרֻדִּים, 'separate', as are the hailstones of Ex. 9:18
הִנְנִי מַמְטִיר כָּעֵת מָחָר בָּרָד כָּבֵד מְאֹד אֲשֶׁר לֹא הָיָה כָמֹהוּ בְּמִצְרַיִם
KJV: "Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt"

Also related to the root BRD-PRD is the root פרט PRT, 'particulate, breakup, separate, detach, detail', of which is the PERET of Lev. 19:10
וְכַרְמְךָ לֹא תְעוֹלֵל וּפֶרֶט כַּרְמְךָ לֹא תְלַקֵּט לֶעָנִי וְלַגֵּר תַּעֲזֹב אֹתָם
KJV: "And thou shalt not glean thy vineyard, neither shalt thou gather every grape of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave them for the poor and stranger"
Also the post biblical פְּרוּטָה PRUTAH, 'penny, small coin, small change'.

Isaac Fried, Boston University

Isaac Fried
Posts: 884
Joined: Sat Sep 28, 2013 8:32 pm

Re: בְּרֻדִּים BRUDIYM Gen. 31:10

Postby Isaac Fried » Sun Nov 26, 2017 12:47 pm

By following the more distant relatives of the kindred root pair ברד-פרד we observe the typical diffusion of a pervading and permeating elemental idea into an ever wider circle of root clans, here by the agency of the uniliteral root R signaling multiplicity. Consider

ברד, גרד, זרד, חרד, טרד, ירד, מרד, סרד, ערד, פרד, צרד, שרד, תרד

From צרד we have the new, and very useful, צָרוּד CARUD, 'hoarse', related farther to שָׂרוּט SARUT, 'scracted, scored', (here referring to the throat). For more on SRT see Lev. 19:28, Lev. 21:5, and Zechariah 12:3.

Isaac Fried, Boston University


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