אלומה ALUMAH, Gen. 37:7

The main place for discussion the Hebrew Bible, its language and message.
Forum rules
Members will observe the rules for respectful discourse at all times!
Please sign all posts with your first and last (family) name.
Isaac Fried
Posts: 950
Joined: Sat Sep 28, 2013 8:32 pm

אלומה ALUMAH, Gen. 37:7

Postby Isaac Fried » Sun Dec 10, 2017 8:41 pm

We read there
וְהִנֵּה אֲנַחְנוּ מְאַלְּמִים אֲלֻמִּים בְּתוֹךְ הַשָּׂדֶה וְהִנֵּה קָמָה אֲלֻמָּתִי וְגַם נִצָּבָה וְהִנֵּה תְסֻבֶּינָה אֲלֻמֹּתֵיכֶם וַתִּשְׁתַּחֲוֶיןָ לַאֲלֻמָּתִי
KJV: "For, behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and, lo, my sheaf arose, and also stood upright; and, behold, your sheaves stood round about, and made obeisance to my sheaf."

This אֲלֻמָּה = אל-הוּא-מ-היא, 'sheaf, bundle, pile, heap, stack, accumulation', is of the root אלם ALM, consisting of the two uniliteral roots L and M; L of elevation and M of mass or balkiness.
Another derivative of this root is אוּלָם ULAM, 'hall, court, large chamber' (related to hill, heal, heel, hull, and keel), as in 2Kings 7:7. Also, לְאוֹם LeOM, 'nation', as in Gen. 25:23.

ALM also exists in the sense of 'inertia, stillness ,quietness, silence, muteness, isolation', as in Isaiah 53:7
נִגַּשׂ וְהוּא נַעֲנֶה וְלֹא יִפְתַּח-פִּיו כַּשֶּׂה לַטֶּבַח יוּבָל וּכְרָחֵל לִפְנֵי גֹזְזֶיהָ נֶאֱלָמָה
NIV: "He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter,  and as a sheep before its shearers is silent,"
Also, אלמנה ALMANAH, 'widow, mourner, grief stricken', and אלמוֹני = אלם-הוא-הן-היא, ALMONIY, 'certain, some', as in 1S 21:3.

Written with an ע ayin for distinction this root gives rise to עלם and עלמה ALMAH, 'maid, mature girl', as in Gen. 24:43. Also, the verb ALAM, 'pileup', as in Job 6:16, and then, by implication, 'hide conceal, coverup' (compare German "verbergen" and "verstecken").
And, of course, עוֹלָם OLAM, 'eternity, universe'.

Isaac Fried, Boston University

Isaac Fried
Posts: 950
Joined: Sat Sep 28, 2013 8:32 pm

Re: אלומה ALUMAH, Gen. 37:7

Postby Isaac Fried » Mon Dec 11, 2017 10:04 pm

I would add the commonly used, post-biblical, אַלִּים = אל-היא-ם ALIYM, 'violent', and אַלִּימוּת =אלים-הוּא-את ALIYMUT, 'violence'.

Isaac Fried, Boston University

Isaac Fried
Posts: 950
Joined: Sat Sep 28, 2013 8:32 pm

Re: אלומה ALUMAH, Gen. 37:7

Postby Isaac Fried » Tue Dec 12, 2017 9:39 pm

See the dagesh distribution in
וְהִנֵּה אֲנַחְנוּ מְאַלְּמִים אֲלֻמִּים, בְּתוֹךְ הַשָּׂדֶה, וְהִנֵּה קָמָה אֲלֻמָּתִי, וְגַם-נִצָּבָה; וְהִנֵּה תְסֻבֶּינָה אֲלֻמֹּתֵיכֶם, וַתִּשְׁתַּחֲוֶיןָ לַאֲלֻמָּתִי
1. וְהִנֵּה A dagesh in the N following a xireq.
2. מְאַלְּמִים A dagesh in the L (with a schwa) following a patax
3. אֲלֻמִּים A dagesh in the M following a qubuc
4. הַשָּׂדֶה A dagesh in the S following a patax
5. וְהִנֵּה See 1.
6. אֲלֻמָּתִי See 3.
7. נִצָּבָה A dagesh in the C following a xireq.
8. וְהִנֵּה See 1.
9. תְסֻבֶּינָה A dagesh in the B following a qubuc
10. אֲלֻמֹּתֵיכֶם See 3.
11. וַתִּשְׁתַּחֲוֶיןָ A dagesh in the T following a patax. A dagesh in the second T (one of the BGDKPT letters) following a xireq before a schwa.
12. לַאֲלֻמָּתִי See 3. No dagesh in the A following a patax.

Isaac Fried, Boston University


Return to “General Discussion”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: Google [Bot] and 2 guests