נְבֵלָה וּטְרֵפָה Lev. 22:8

For discussions which focus upon specific words, their origin, meaning, relationship to other ANE languages.
Forum rules
Members will observe the rules for respectful discourse at all times!
Please sign all posts with your first and last (family) name.
Mark Lightman
Posts: 88
Joined: Tue Jun 10, 2014 12:33 pm

Re: נְבֵלָה וּטְרֵפָה Lev. 22:8

Postby Mark Lightman » Mon Apr 08, 2019 1:24 pm

Saboi wrote:
בלה\παλαιός, πάλαος "old in years, mostly of persons, aged"

The Jewish scribes of the Septuagint understood the Hebrew.

Not to forget: נפל --> σφάλλω
Mark Lightman

Isaac Fried
Posts: 1444
Joined: Sat Sep 28, 2013 8:32 pm

Re: נְבֵלָה וּטְרֵפָה Lev. 22:8

Postby Isaac Fried » Mon Apr 08, 2019 10:19 pm

The variant פלה PLH, 'pick out, remove, separate, discriminate, differentiate' of בלה BLH is also of interest here. See Ex. 9:4
וְהִפְלָה יהוה בֵּין מִקְנֵה יִשְׂרָאֵל וּבֵין מִקְנֵה מִצְרָיִם וְלֹא יָמוּת מִכָּל לִבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל דָּבָר
NIV: But the Lord will make a distinction between the livestock of Israel and that of Egypt, so that no animal belonging to the Israelites will die.

For פלא PLA look at Isaiah 28:29.

Isaac Fried, Boston University

Saboi

Re: נְבֵלָה וּטְרֵפָה Lev. 22:8

Postby Saboi » Tue Apr 09, 2019 4:44 am

הפלה

I suspect the initial ה is a guttural preposition, ἐκ- (from out of) and the homologue
of ἐκπαγλέομαι "to be struck with amazement" from the Adjective, ἔκπαγλος "terrible, violent and signifies merely, marvellous, wondrous' and possibly related too ἀπαλλητός "marvelous" .

Psalm 118:23 - נפלאת [ἔκπαγλος]
Psalm 139:14 - נפליתי [ἐκπαγλέομαι]

The root form of the verb is ἐκπλήσσω, 'terrible, fearful' and poetically, marvellous, wondrous.

Isaiah 29:14 - להפליא [ἐκπλῆξαι]
Isaiah 21:4 - פלצות [ἔκπληξις] 'terror caused by misfortunes'

Isaac Fried
Posts: 1444
Joined: Sat Sep 28, 2013 8:32 pm

Re: נְבֵלָה וּטְרֵפָה Lev. 22:8

Postby Isaac Fried » Wed Apr 10, 2019 9:47 pm

Here are more verbs of the roots בל BL and פל PL
אבל, 'grieve', בעל, 'rise, mount', בלע, 'swallow, enclose.'
אפל, 'cover for darkness', עפל, 'rise, mount' (see Nu. 14:44), פעל, 'produce', פלא 'separate category, extraordinary, out of the usual.'

Isaac Fried, Boston University


Return to “Etymological & Lexicographic Approaches to the Hebrew Bible”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest