strange verb question

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Isaac Fried
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Re: strange verb question

Postby Isaac Fried » Sun Apr 14, 2019 6:53 pm

For א - ה endings consider, for instance the חלא, 'fell ill', of 2Ch 16:12
וַיֶּחֱלֶא אָסָא בִּשְׁנַת שְׁלוֹשִׁים וָתֵשַׁע לְמַלְכוּתוֹ בְּרַגְלָיו עַד לְמַעְלָה חָלְיוֹ וְגַם בְּחָלְיוֹ לֹא דָרַשׁ אֶת יהוה כִּי בָּרֹפְאִים

Isaac Fried, Boston University

Isaac Fried
Posts: 1279
Joined: Sat Sep 28, 2013 8:32 pm

Re: strange verb question

Postby Isaac Fried » Sun Apr 14, 2019 8:30 pm

Here, I have just encountered another א - ה example in the root קלה-קלא. In Jer. 29:22 we read
וְלֻקַּח מֵהֶם קְלָלָה לְכֹל גָּלוּת יְהוּדָה אֲשֶׁר בְּבָבֶל לֵאמֹר יְשִׂמְךָ יהוה כְּצִדְקִיָּהוּ וּכְאֶחָב אֲשֶׁר קָלָם מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל בָּאֵשׁ
NIV: "Because of them, all the exiles from Judah who are in Babylon will use this curse: May the Lord treat you like Zedekiah and Ahab, whom the king of Babylon burned in the fire."
In 1Sam. 17:17 we read
וַיֹּאמֶר יִשַׁי לְדָוִד בְּנוֹ קַח נָא לְאַחֶיךָ אֵיפַת הַקָּלִיא הַזֶּה וַעֲשָׂרָה לֶחֶם הַזֶּה וְהָרֵץ הַמַּחֲנֶה לְאַחֶיךָ
NIV: Now Jesse said to his son David, “Take this ephah of roasted grain and these ten loaves of bread for your brothers and hurry to their camp.
In any event, קלה באש, 'roasted in the fire" is one and the same as כלא באש and קלע באש, 'held fast and long deeply in the fire'.

Isaac Fried, Boston University

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Jason Hare
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Re: strange verb question

Postby Jason Hare » Mon Apr 15, 2019 11:44 am

Kenneth Greifer wrote:Jason,

Do you know any examples of quotes with hay and alef mixed up like you said?


Words that immediately jump to mind are exemplified in the modern Hebrew דוגמה, which becomes דוגמאות in the plurl. Similarly, אמא (borrowed from Aramaic) becomes אמהות. There are plenty of examples of these forms having been standardized in modern Hebrew.

Nothing jumps to mind reading from the Bible, but I know that I've come across several instances where I expected to see a ה but saw an א instead, or vice versa. I'm sure that we can come up with some examples if we consider it.
Jason Hare
Tel Aviv, Israel

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Jason Hare
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Re: strange verb question

Postby Jason Hare » Mon Apr 15, 2019 11:57 am

On page 14 of R.D. Wilson’s A Hebrew Grammar for Beginners (1908), under a section called “Feebleness of Aleph and Hê,” the author writes:

Rem. 4. In a few other cases, apparently through Aramaic influence, the vowel letter Hê is supplanted by Aleph, e. g., שֵׁנָא for the ordinary שֵׁנָה from יְשֵׁנָה.


Apparently under Aramaic influence.
Jason Hare
Tel Aviv, Israel

Isaac Fried
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Re: strange verb question

Postby Isaac Fried » Mon Apr 15, 2019 8:42 pm

קלה is certainly a variant of צלה, 'roast', which, in turn, is but a variant of דלה, 'pull-up', and שלה, 'lift, raise', and finally תלה, 'suspend'. Hence 'to roast' is to put directly over a fire.

Isaac Fried, Boston University


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