The root גבע, Gen. 44:2

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Isaac Fried
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Joined: Sat Sep 28, 2013 8:32 pm

The root גבע, Gen. 44:2

Postby Isaac Fried » Wed Jan 08, 2020 8:53 pm

Here is another example, from a recent reading, to different Hebrew words built up from one root.
From the root גבע, a close relative of גבה, 'high, tall', (composed in my opinion of גאה-עבה) we have the name
גִּבְעָה = ג-היא-בע-היא, 'hill', as in 1Kings 14:23
עַל כָּל גִּבְעָה גְבֹהָה
KJV: "on every high hill"
Also גָּבִיעַ = גב-היא-ע, 'cup, goblet, chalice' (related to the קֻבַּעַת = ק-הוּא-בע-את of Isaiah 51:17 and made tall and narrow to hold a good quantity of wine, while warding off by its shape slosh and spill), as in Gen. 44:2
וְאֶת גְּבִיעִי גְּבִיעַ הַכֶּסֶף
NIV: "my cup, the silver one"
Also (מגבעת = מי-גבע-את) מִגְבָּעָה = מי-גבע-היא, 'hat', (related to the כּוֹבַע of 1Sam. 17:5, and the קוֹבַע of 1Sam. 17:38,) as in Ex. 29:9
וְחָבַשְׁתָּ לָהֶם מִגְבָּעֹת
KJV: "and put the bonnets on them"
NIV: "and fasten caps on them"
all sharing one common trait; all being tall and high גבוֹה, as portrayed by their common root גבע, with a semantic differentiation achieved by a different placement and distribution of the referential personal pronouns within each different word.

Isaac Fried, Boston University

Isaac Fried
Posts: 1556
Joined: Sat Sep 28, 2013 8:32 pm

Re: The root גבע, Gen. 44:2

Postby Isaac Fried » Thu Jan 09, 2020 6:30 pm

Closely related to גבע is גוע 'die, perish', namely, turn into an inanimate mound, as in Job 13:19
כִּי עַתָּה אַחֲרִישׁ וְאֶגְוָע
NIV: "I will be silent and die"
KJV: "for now, if I hold my tongue, I shall give up the ghost"

Isaac Fried, Boston University

Isaac Fried
Posts: 1556
Joined: Sat Sep 28, 2013 8:32 pm

Re: The root גבע, Gen. 44:2

Postby Isaac Fried » Sat Jan 11, 2020 7:09 pm

Gen. 40:11
וְכוֹס פַּרְעֹה בְּיָדִי וָאֶקַּח אֶת הָעֲנָבִים וָאֶשְׂחַט אֹתָם אֶל כּוֹס פַּרְעֹה וָאֶתֵּן אֶת הַכּוֹס עַל כַּף פַּרְעֹה
NIV: "Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand, and I took the grapes, squeezed them into Pharaoh’s cup and put the cup in his hand"
uses כּוֹס = כ-הוּא-ס for a hand held drinking cup, a word which is but a slight variant of כִּיס = כ-היא-ס, 'pocket, pouch, bag, receptacle', a in Isaiah 46:6
הַזָּלִים זָהָב מִכִּיס וְכֶסֶף בַּקָּנֶה יִשְׁקֹלוּ
KJV: "They lavish gold out of the bag, and weigh silver in the balance"

Isaac Fried, Boston University


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