In Isaiah 9:6 "no end of the increase"?

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In Isaiah 9:6 "no end of the increase"?

Postby Ruminator » Sat Mar 02, 2019 11:38 am

Is Isaiah saying that the reign of the messiah is always adding subjects ("of his increase there will be no end" ) or "no limit", as in "the wind blows wherever it wants - so are those born of the wind"?

Unending increase of subjects? Or "not limited by borders" (or something like that)?

And what is the import of the final mem within the word?:

9:7 למרבה הַמִּשְׂרָה וּלְשָׁלֹום אֵֽין־קֵץ עַל־כִּסֵּא דָוִד וְעַל־מַמְלַכְתֹּו לְהָכִין אֹתָהּ וּֽלְסַעֲדָהּ בְּמִשְׁפָּט וּבִצְדָקָה מֵעַתָּה וְעַד־עֹולָם קִנְאַת יְהוָה צְבָאֹות תַּעֲשֶׂה־זֹּֽאת׃ ס[/size]


The reason I am asking is that this is used to say that the messianic assembly continues to grow numerically forever thru the gospel and I'm trying to determine (without bias, I think) whether the verse supports the idea. Thanks.
William Ross

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Re: In Isaiah 9:6 "no end of the increase"?

Postby Schubert » Sat Mar 02, 2019 3:50 pm

William, there are folk on this forum with a much better grasp of Hebrew than I have. But I see nothing that would suggests this passage is saying "that the messianic assembly continues to grow numerically forever thru the gospel". It seems to be speaking of an increase of power, etc.

As for the final mem within the word, Motyer's commentary on Isaiah has a discussion at page 103 in footnote 1. His final sentence in the footnote discussion is:
"It is best to accept the MT, leaving the form of the letter "m" as an unexplained curiosity."
John McKinnon

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Re: In Isaiah 9:6 "no end of the increase"?

Postby SteveMiller » Sat Mar 02, 2019 10:51 pm

I agree with John.
Also, the word ‎ מַרְבֵּ֙ה does not really mean growth (or increase), but abundance or multitude (Isa 33:23; Eze 23:32). And there is no verb there to say "will be". The abundance of the Messiah's government and peace are without end.

The final mem in the interior of a word would normally mean that it is 2 words: לם רבה, but there is no such word as לם.
Maybe because the scribe had just written the lamed waw final mem at the end of the previous verse, he wrote a final mem again after the lamed without thinking. Just my guess.
DSS 1QIsaA, which is the only DSS witness to this part of the verse, has a normal mem in the first word of 9:7 instead of a final mem.
Sincerely yours,
Steve Miller
Honesty is the best policy. - George Washington (1732-99)

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